Journal of Endodontics
Volume 37, Issue 9, September 2011, Pages 1306-1309
Introduction: An evaluation was made of the accuracy of the Root ZX apex locator (J. Morita Corp, Tokyo, Japan) in widened foramina, considering the existing controversy over this issue in the literature.
Methods: Ten single-root teeth were embedded in an alginate mold. The foramina were widened from 0.6 mm to 1.0 mm. The measurements were taken with all possible file sizes ≥#10. The statistical accuracy of the Root ZX was calculated for the different diameters and for the influence of file size.
Results: The accuracy of the Root ZX apex locator with a range of error of ±0.5 mm was 87% in an apical foramen size of 0.6 mm and 84% using files size 45 or larger in an apical foramen size of 0.7 mm. With a tolerance of ±1 mm, the accuracy was 99% in an apical foramen size of 0.6 mm, 98% using files size 45 or larger in an apical foramen size of 0.7 mm, and 95% using files size 70 or larger in an apical foramen size of 0.8 mm. In the rest, accuracy was not certain. The measurements taken with smaller files were shorter. There were no cases of overestimation of the working length.
Conclusions: The Root ZX apex locator was accurate for an apical size of 0.6 mm, independently of the file size; between 0.7 to 0.8 mm, we should adjust the files to the foramen, whereas above size 0.9 mm the locator is not accurate. The results show that the accuracy of this electronic apex locator is gradually lost as the foramen widens. Considering the stable conditions of in vitro studies, our findings advise caution in clinical application of the locator.Full Abstract